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THE BROMELIAD SOCIETY BULLETIN

The Bromeliad Society Bulletin is the official publication of The Bromeliad Society, a non-profit corporation organized in 1950. The Bulletin is issued six times a year. Subscription to the Bulletin is included in the annual membership dues. There are five classes of membership: Annual, $3.50; Foreign, $4.00; Sustaining, $5.00; Fellowship, $10.00; Life $150.00. All memberships start with January of the current year. For membership information, write to Mrs. Jeanne Woodbury, 1815 Edgecliff Drive, Los Angeles 26, California. Please submit all manuscripts for publication to the editor, 647 South Saltair Avenue, Los Angeles 49, California.

OFFICERS
PresidentDavid Barry, Jr. Editorial SecretaryVictoria Padilla
Vice PresidentFrank Overton Membership SecretaryJeanne Woodbury
TreasurerJack M. Roth Art EditorMorris Henry Hobbs

Honorary Vice-Presidents
E. H. Palmer, President, Florida West Coast Bromeliad Society
Lawrence Hiscock, President, Louisiana Bromeliad Society
Fritz Kubisch, President, Southern California Bromeliad Society
Nat. J. De Leon, President, South Florida Bromeliad Society

Board of Directors
David Barry, Jr.
Dr. Russell Seibert
Ladislaus Cutak
Mulford B. Foster
Wilbur G. Wood
Wyndham Hayward
James N. Giridlian
E. W. Ensign
O. E. Van Hyning
Henry M. Hobbs
Benjamin O. Rees
Nat. J. De Leon
Julian Nally
Frank Overton
Eric Knoblock
Fritz Kubisch
Victoria Padilla
Jack M. Roth

Honorary Trustees
Dr. Alberto Castellanos
Fundacion Miguel Lillo
Aguero 2406
Buenos Aires, Argentina

Monsieur Charles Chevalier
(Honorary Dir. Liege Bot. Gard.)
Esneux, Belgium

Mr. Charles Hodgson
Heidelberg 23, Melbourne
Victoria, Australia

Mr. C. H. Lankester
Las Concavas
Cartago, Costa Rica

P. Raulino Reitz, Dir.
Herbario, "Barbosa Rodrigues"
Itajai, St. Catarina, Brasil

Mr. Walter Richter
Postfach 52
Crimmitschau/Sachsen
East Germany

Dr. Lyman B. Smith
Curator
Smithsonian Institution
Washington. D. C.

Mr. Henry Teuscher, Dir.
Montreal Botanical Garden
Montreal, Canada

Mrs. Muriel Waterman
Milford, Auckland N2
New Zealand

THE BROMELIAD ON THE COVER — Mr. Hobbs has drawn for this issue Vriesea philippo-coburgii var. vagans. As its name indicates, this charming bromeliad from Brazil is a true vagabond, sending out its offshoots from traveling stems. Its light green leaves, which are black at their base, form a small rosette out of which the inflorescence—a flattened yellow and red bract with tiny yellow flowers—emerges.


The colored photograph of Tillandsia imperialis is a Christmas gift to the readers of The Bulletin from the Southern California Bromeliad Society. This organization raised the money for this illustration by holding plant auctions at its meetings. Our deepest thanks go to all the members who participated in this project.

No article appearing in this bulletin may be reproduced without the permission of the editor.


Tillandsia imperialis
(Photo through the courtesy of the Southern California Bromeliad Society)

TILLANDSIAS FOR CHRISTMAS

Victoria Padilla

To many growers of bromeliads, the name Tillandsia brings to mind plants with thin grayish leaves covered with peltate scales plants such as T. ionantha, T. recurvata, T. fasciculata, or T. streptophylla. Some of the most beautiful of the genus, however, are those whose leaves are smooth or glabrous and which might appear at first glance to be a Vriesea. Until recently not many of these Tillandsias were seen in private collections in the United States, the reason being that whereas their gray-leaved brothers could withstand fumigation, these soft leaved types could not. Despite this handicap, during the past few years avid bromeliad collectors have managed to bring back alive a number of these Tillandsias from their native habitat in Mexico and South America.

Among the most successful of these intrepid plantsmen is Fritz Kubisch of Culver City, California, who every fall for the past several years has gone south of the border to collect his favorite plants. After a number of losses due to fumigation, he has devised a scheme by which the major portion of his bromeliads can survive the otherwise lethal dosage of methylbromide.

He drives to Mexico in a handsome, sturdy station-wagon-truck, which serves as home and freight carrier while he is on his expedition. After he has filled his wagon to the brim with bromeliads, he starts his homeward trek via Laredo, Texas. Just before he arrives at the fumigation station at Laredo, he takes all his plants out of his car and washes them so thoroughly that they are almost water-logged. When the bromeliads reach the fumigation center, they are so completely sodden that the fumes of the poisonous gas cannot penetrate their hearts. Immediately after fumigation, the plants are again thoroughly washed and dried before being loaded on to the wagon for their trip to California. There are a few casualties, to be sure, but nothing like the number that used to be destroyed. Mr. Kubisch's greatest loss on this last trip was occasioned by cattle that poked their heads into the wagon and ate all the bromeliads they could reach.

Among the Tillandsias which Fritz Kubisch has brought into Southern California are T. imperialis, T. multicaulis, T. deppeana var. deppeana, T. lucida, T. prodigiosa, and T. leiboldiana. All of these bromeliads are stunning plants, definitely worthy of a place in every collection.

One of the most popular of these Tillandsias with both Americans and Mexicans is T. imperialis, pictured on the preceding page. This epiphyte is to be found growing high in the trees at elevations ranging from 5,000 to 8,000 feet in the states of Oaxaca, Puebla, and Vera Cruz. Although it is a favorite with the natives for decorations at Christmas time—due, no doubt, to the fact that its inflorescence resembles a squat candle—it may be found in the flower markets of the capital during the summer and autumn months, indicating that its blooming season is long and variable. T. imperialis is a medium sized plant, when in flower reaching a height of a foot and a half. The plant forms a dense rosette of pale green leaves, and its unique cone-shaped watermelon colored inflorescence remains brilliant for many months. Its flowers are purple.

Next in popularity is Tillandsia multicaulis, which also is commonly seen in the flower stalls of central and southern Mexico. This plant might easily be mistaken for a Vriesea and has been so called by several authorities in the past. Its outstanding characteristic is that it has not just one inflorescence but any number up to six or seven and all appear from between the leaves, rather than from the center of the rosette. The flattened inflorescence so resembles a goldfish that the name of "Gold Fish Tillandsia" has been given to this bromeliad. The plant is not large, seldom averaging over a foot in diameter and height. Mr. Kubisch stated that of all the Tillandsias he collected, T. multicaulis was found growing in the densest shade. He collected his plants in the state of Vera Cruz at an elevation of 5,000 feet.

Another bromeliad that Mr. Kubisch has brought home in flower for Christmas is Tillandsia prodigiosa. This Tillandsia is aptly named, for it is a large plant, a good two feet in height with a pendant inflorescence that sometimes measures six feet in length. The inflorescence is variable as to coloring, but those which found their way to Los Angeles were yellow. This plant was found in Chiapas, the southernmost Mexican state, growing on pine trees in full sun at an elevation of 9,000 feet. When the author first saw this plant in bloom, she was reminded of the leis made by the Hawaiians, and indeed, the plant is greatly prized by the Mexicans for its ornamental uses as it is ideal for the making into garlands.

Fritz Kubisch with some of his bounty. His face is swollen because a scorpion from one of the bromeliads he is holding bit him.

Tillandsia deppeana var. deppeana is also a large growing species. This is truly an appropriate plant for the holiday season, for its general shape when in bloom resembles that of a Christmas tree. Flowers form on the brilliant red bract all the way up the tall spike, which can reach a height of six feet. Although this bromeliad may be a little too large for a small greenhouse, under cultivation it will not average more than three to four feet in height. Mr. Kubisch collected his specimens in Vera Cruz at about a 3,000-foot elevation.

Tillandsia lucida is another large plant, growing to a height of approximately three feet. From a dense rosette of from 20 to 30 pale green leaves rises a tall iridescent rose-colored inflorescence that branches into an imposing candelabra that might contain as many as fifteen outstretched arms. What makes this Tillandsia outstanding—even when it fails to attain its full magnificence—is the exquisite luminous quality of the bract, which is greatly enhanced when the little pale-blue violet flowers are open. This bromeliad may be found growing in Vera Cruz at elevations up to 8,000 feet.

For those who feel that these Tillandsias are a little too large and perhaps a little flamboyant for their tastes, T. leiboldiana will undoubtedly be their choice. To see this gay little Tillandsia is to love it. When in spike it may reach a height of a foot and a half to two feet, but it is a compact plant and requires little room in the greenhouse. It is a symphony of orange and violet when in bloom, and it lasts in color for many months. Although T. imperialis and T. deppeana will usually have only two or three offshoots, this busy little bromeliad will have as many as eight or ten. As this Tillandsia has paper-thin leaves, it does best in shade, where it was found in the mountain areas of Vera Cruz.

As the reader can gather from the meager descriptions of these Tillandsias, they are exciting plants to grow. For their successful cultivation, however, the grower must bear in mind that they should be treated as though they were Vrieseas, keeping them in shade or diffused light and giving them plenty of moisture. These Tillandsias will not tolerate dry conditions, as will most of the genus, but they need humidity at all times. Although the time it takes them to mature and flower varies, they are reliable bloomers, T. leiboldiana under proper conditions flowering in one year from offshoot.


IN THE MAIL BAG . . .

A letter from our Round Robin director, Mrs. Beryl Allen, 7006 Nebraska Avenue, Tampa 4, Florida, tells us that the Round Robin started in 1959 is flying high and far with members residing in Florida, Washington, Louisiana, West Virginia, Australia, and South Africa. There is still room for two or three more members. Membership is limited to those who are unable to attend a branch society and who desire to know more about bromeliads. Joining a Round Robin is not only an informative and interesting way to learn about a subject but is also much fun and a means of making new friends.


From Prof. Eizi Matuda comes a copy of Cactaceas y Succulents Mexicanas, Organo de La Soc. Mex. de Cat. Tomo V, Abril-Junio, No. 2. In this issue he describes and shows a photo of Tillandsia violacea, which is found throughout the states of Mexico, Morelos, Oaxaca, and Chiapas.


Notice has reached us of the great flower show to be staged in Turin, Italy, from May 1 to October 30, 1961. It is called the "Fiori del Mondo a Torino," (Flowers of the World) and celebrates the centenary for the unification of Italy. This will be the only international exhibition in Europe in 1961, showing, not only the finest in flowers and plants, but material related to horticulture and gardening. Bromeliads are given a special class section in the list of prizes for exhibitors. Would that The Bromeliad Society could stage an exhibit there!


Members of the Society could stage an exhibit at the forty-fourth International Flower Show to be held in New York at the Coliseum from March 4 to March 12, 1961. In the schedule just received it was noted that bromeliads may be entered by both amateurs and professionals to compete for an award. Members residing in and around New York City take notice!


SIXTY-SEVEN YEARS AGO

Mulford B. Foster

We are always grateful that there are people in the world who save almost anything! Although there may be times when there is a disgusting amount of clutter, in this confusion is usually a gem.

Such was the situation when a friend of Morris Hobbs, in New Orleans, lost an elderly aunt who had lived in the family home which had been occupied continuously for over seventy-five years. As Mr. Hobbs said, "Apparently she NEVER threw out a letter or a book, or a catalogue, so I told the nephew that if there were any old horticultural magazine or catalogues, I would purchase them from the estate."

And now to me he writes, "Please keep it with my best wishes. It belongs with your Florida collection."

So, it took the combination of hamster-like qualities of the deceased aunt, the careful selection by the nephew who cleaned out the attic and the generosity of Morris Hobbs to bring to my library a most splendid gem out of the past. It is a catalogue by Messrs. Pike and Ellsworth of "Rare Florida Flowers", Season of 1893 from Jessamine Gardens, Jessamine, Pasco Co., Florida.

  

It is unusual for its quality, containing many old wood cuts of plants on each of the seventy-six pages besides two full pages of color plates; it is unusual for the variety of plants offered at exceptionally low prices. Space does not permit sharing with you more than what they say about bromeliads, but it is delightfully throughout.

"Air Plants or Tillandsias" as they say, are offered on half a page illustrated by the accompanying cut of T. fasciculata (which was misnamed then as T. bracteata). Price 15c each, extra fine large plants 25c each."

Again we quote: "Although these do not belong to the Orchid Family, still they grow in just the same manner and make companion plants, so we offer them here. They can be grown in wire baskets of moss, or be wired on a block or forked limb, and hung by cords. All they need is a good wetting and a little water poured into them occasionally. They make up the most unique ornaments imaginable, and never fail to excite the curiosity of all beholders. They also do finely in a north window, where so few plants will thrive."

"Tillandsia utriculata, fine plants, 15c each; extra large and fine, 25c each."

"Spanish Moss: The long, graceful, silvery-gray festoons of this beautiful Air Plant, Tillandsia usneoides, erroneously called a moss—hang like long streamers from the limbs of the trees, producing an indescribably beautiful effect as it waves back and forth in every passing breeze. In the North it can be used with the most charming effect for draping over picture frames and rustic work, in drawing rooms, and for decorating Christmas trees and booths at church fairs, etc. It remains fresh and beautiful for months, and if occasionally taken down and thoroughly wet will remain fresh and growing for an indefinite period. The longest and most perfect strands 20c per lb."

All of this and more in 1893. Who says bromeliads have just recently become popular?

Rt. 3, Box 658, Orlando, Florida


TILLANDSIA FASCICULATA

THE STORY OF A PLANT LIFE

Richard Oeser, M. D.

Its parents lived on a coffee finca near Retalhuleau, Guatemala. I went there on board an old freighter in January, 1930. On my trip to Central America I saw many bromeliads; at the Finca el Rosario I saw a lot of them that had been unknown to me. After two days of an unforgettable stay I returned on board with a heavy bag full of orchids and bromeliads. In this bag were also two or three Tillandsia fasciculata var. latispica, which were already in bloom.

The return home to Europe took 35 days from Colon, as the Atlantic was very stormy and our boat slow; but most of my plants lived and developed very well in my greenhouse in Eastern Germany.

A few years later the Tillandsia fasciculata came again into bloom, and in 1939 I could harvest seeds of it. I sowed the seeds on thin twigs, as described in a previous bulletin, and that was the hour of birth of the plant in the picture. War was coming, but hundreds of seedlings developed fine, just as did thousands of seedlings of other Tillandsias. Four or five years later I gave away seedlings to Mr. Walter Richter, and at the end of the war I lost all—house, greenhouse, bromeliads, and seedlings.

When starting a new greenhouse in 1949 I received many bromeliads from Mr. Richter and I also got back one seedling of the Tillandsia fasciculata, which had grown up to the size of a teacup. It grew on a piece of wood; it grew slowly, but it grew. Twice the wood rotted and I had to replant the Tillandsia on a new and bigger piece. The plant reached the size of its parents in 1957, but it did not come into bloom.

  

I had to wait another two years for the plant to flower, and it was not until the spring of 1959 that a bud looked out of the rosette, which by this time was twice as large as those of native plants, the full spike measuring two feet, three inches, divided into eight branches. By August the flower spike was fully grown, and the first blue tubular blossoms showed between the orange and red colored bracts. While writing these lines (March 1960) the last blue blossoms on top of the spikes are fading.

Very likely this is the first breeding of such a big and completely epiphytic Tillandsia in a greenhouse in Europe. During the twenty years from seed to bloom, the plant lived exclusively on wood without any potting material. Every springtime it developed a great many roots which adhered to the wood and then became dry and wire like. I cannot tell how many thousand times this plant had been dipped into or sprinkled with water. Never mind, this work was done with pleasure and the success was worth all the trouble. Tillandsia fasciculata is doubtlessly a very hardy plant with its silver green leaves. Plant lovers in our country would like to buy such durable plants for their decorative qualities. But no commercial grower can breed such plants in a warmhouse nursery for twenty years and then sell it for a reasonable price!

There is one question to ask: why did this plant become twice as large here as in its native environment? I assume that lack of the usual rhythm, with its change of wet season and dry season, caused the plant to bloom later. Sometimes we see the contrary, too, namely that imported plants because of disturbed rhythm blossom twice in one year, the offshoot blooming when it is only half grown. Usually these plants become smaller and smaller by overblooming, and then finally die.

Kirchzarten/Brsg., Germany

[Editor's note: The species name fasciculata was initially misprinted as fascicularis.]


BROMELIADS CAN TAKE IT

Victoria Padilla

Except for the ruins of a temple in the background, the above picture might well have been photographed on the moon—so barren is the aspect. Indeed the scene appears so forbidding that it is hard to believe that any vegetation at all could survive, and none does with the exception of the stalwart bromeliad.

The country in this photo is Peru, the bromeliad probably Tillandsia platyphylla, the species common to the area bordering the Pacific Ocean. Bromeliads are about the only plants to be found on the desolate coastal deserts of Peru. As they are plants of the air, they are not dependent upon the earth for their sustenance, so can survive where other plants cannot.

If bromeliads do not look to the earth for their nourishment, is it necessary for us to worry very much about the compost in which we pot them? At a recent meeting of the Southern California Bromeliad Society it was the consensus that the potting medium is not important as long as the plant has good drainage, the proper amount of light, and plenty of humidity. A survey taken of the various kinds of potting media used would indicate that this is indeed true. Here are some of the potting materials used by various members of the Society-there are doubtless many more.

  1. osmunda fiber
  2. fir bark
  3. a mixture of fir bark, peat, sponge rock
  4. shredded hapu (Hawaiian fernwood)
  5. fir bark, sticks, and leaves
  6. redwood shavings
  7. leaf mold
  8. 1/3 humus, 1/3 builder's sand, 1/3 peat
  9. dried kelp, pumice stone, tan bark, and several nutrients
  10. commercial cymbidium mix (a mixture of sand, fir bark peat, shaved hoof and horn)
  11. fir bark and manure — 10 to 1
  12. commercial cattleya mix (fir bark, shavings, dolmite lime, shaved hoof and horn)

The question then arises — is fertilizing necessary? With the exception of materials such as leaves, earth particles, bird excrement, insects, and the like that fall into their cups, bromeliads in their native state receive little nourishment. Most members of the Society agree, however, that plants grown under artificial conditions in the home or greenhouse need a little extra encouragement in the way of an occasional feeding, although there are a few who believe that fertilizing is unnecessary and have beautiful plants to back this opinion. Procedures vary among those growers who fertilize. Some feed their plants every two weeks, some once a month, some once a season. Some fertilize during the summer only, some the year round. The kinds of fertilizer used also differ considerably, although most members prefer foliar feeding. In those areas where there is little rainfall and the water tends to be alkaline, it has been found that frequent feeding with weak solutions of an acid fertilizer is beneficial.

Too often we tend to pamper our bromeliads, forgetting that in their natural habitat, they have to withstand all kinds of adverse conditions. Many times I have entered the greenhouses of friends to be told to close the door immediately so that no draft would blow in on the plants. No greenhouse subject enjoys a sudden blast of cold air, but bromeliads are air plants and need all the air they can get. Mr. Goodale Moir of Honolulu, who has gathered orchids and bromeliads in the American jungles, recently told me that he seldom, if ever, found any epiphytes where there was not a good current of air at all times. A friend who has just returned from a botanic exposition to the head waters of the Amazon commented on the fact that the most exciting floral display that she saw was in a narrow valley situated between the towns of Loja and Zamora in southern Ecuador. Here the wind blew relentlessly night and day; in fact the valley was a veritable wind tunnel, the whirlblast being so strong that it was difficult for a person to stand up against it. But the orchids and bromeliads presented an unforgettable sight—for beauty of flower and magnificence and size of plant surpassing anything that she saw on her entire trip. She counted twelve genera of bromeliads all in perfect bloom and many others which for beauty of foliage did not need to be in flower to be striking plants.

Although none of us would think of turning our greenhouses into wind tunnels, we should see to it that the air in our houses is at all times fresh. A revolving fan judiciously placed on one corner of a wall can well take the place of the gentle breezes that our air plants like so well.


Photo by Mrs. R. S. Ferris
The native habitat of Tillandsia Ferrisiana

TILLANDSIA FERRISIANA

Lyman B. Smith

A native bromeliad has yet to be discovered in California, so the best I could do on a recent visit was to discover a new species from Baja California in the herbarium of the University of California at Berkeley and again at Stanford. Annetta Carter was showing me her latest collections from Baja California when we came to a weather beaten specimen resembling a dwarf Tillandsia schiedeana. She suggested that I might find more and better material when I went to Stanford the next day because they have long specialized on the flora of northwestern Mexico, and sure enough, I did, only it was from across the Gulf of California in the state of Sinaloa. Mrs. Roxana S. Ferris had collected this material on one of her early expeditions and fortunately photographed the typical scenery of the area so that it is possible to show it here. Such coastal shrubs and low trees are called "Monte" by the inhabitants. It gives me great pleasure to dedicate this new species to a botanist who has combined exploration and research to a high degree.

TILLANDSIA FERRISIANA L. B. Smith, sp. nov.

A T. schiedeana Steud., cui valde affinis, scapo brevissimo, bracteis dense lepidotis, sepalis lepidotis differt.

Growing in dense masses; stem 2-6 cm. long, simple or few-branched; leaves densely polystichous, to 15 cm. long, much exceeding the inflorescence, densely sub-appressed-lepidote with cinereous scales; sheaths suborbicular, ca. 1 cm. long, glabrous only where covered; blades very narrowly triangular, filiform-acuminate, involute-subulate; scape terminal, very short; scape-bracts subfoliaceous, densely imbricate; inflorescence simple, distichous, dense, 1-2-flowered; floral bracts ovate, apiculate, 20 mm. long, covering the sepals, ecarinate, thin, densely cinereous-lepidote; flowers subsessile; sepals elliptic, obtuse, 12 mm. long and subcoriaceous, even, appressed-lepidote, becoming glabrous in extreme age, free; petals and stamens unknown; capsule cylindric, acute, 3 cm. long.

Type in the Dudley Herbarium of Stanford University, No. 150,122 collected on vines in the "monte", vicinity of Labradas, State of Sinaloa, Mexico, September 18, 1925, by Roxana S. Ferris and Ynes Mexia (No. 5121-A).

Paratypes: Mexico: Baja California: Without further locality, February 4, 1896, J. E. McLellan (US). Epiphytic on trees and shrubs, foothills, west side of Cape Region mountains, vicinity of Rancho San Vicente, Distrito del Sur, lat. 23° 11' north, long. 110° 1' west, November 11, 1955, Annetta Carter & Francia Chisaki 3608 (UC, US). Sinaloa: La Ramada, 1924, 1. G. Ortega 5522 (US).

It will be noted by those that check the above citations, that until now I have overlooked other specimens of this species right under my nose in Washington. I can only explain that they are very sad specimens and that my increased perceptiveness must have been due to the well-known California climate.

We still have some problems to solve in this species. What are the petals like? Is this the same species as the mystery Tillandsia which David Barry photographed and illustrated in our "Bromeliad Society Bulletin" (vol. 3, p. 8) in 1953? Some day one of our California friends will find the answers on a trip south of the border.

Smithsonian Institution. Washingion, D. C.

Photo by Smithsonian Institution
Tillandsia Ferrisiana


BROMELIADS HAVE "GROWN" IN
ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA

Ernest H. Palmer

Just a-sittin' and a-thinkin' and there came to mind Tennyson's words "Let knowledge of and about bromeliads grow from more to more.” This is, the basic idea stimulating all the activities of the Florida West Coast Bromeliad Society over the past seven years. Truly we have sought in many, many ways to let knowledge of and about bromeliads grow from more to more.

In January, 1954, the Florida West Coast Orchid Society made an innovation. At their annual three-day show in the Ballroom on the Million-Dollar Pier, they welcomed an inclusion of a host of gorgeous bromeliads brought in by Mr. Mulford Foster. These were most attractively displayed with lots of tropical foliage plants at one end of the ballroom. Public interest was tremendous. And, with such interest it was but natural that there were those who took more than a passing glance, talked and discussed, and finally became a cohesive group soon known as the Florida West Coast Bromeliad Society.

The following year Mr. Foster urged this group to handle this display at the Orchid Show, which they did with great success — see Vol. V, No. 3, page 47 — and thereby came the thought of this writer that since then bromeliads have literally "grown" amazingly, in appreciation and, shall we say, "stature" in this period of time as the knowledge of these exotic plants has, through the efforts of this group, grown "from more to more."

For instance, at the very first show an elderly gentleman snorted that they were artificial flowers and, his cane, knocked the tip from a Vriesia Carinata X Marie. And numerous were the comments about the "cactus plants", one lady insisting a Neoregelia Spectabilis was a Christmas Cactus. BUT, today, at any show we may participate in, rarely do we meet with silly, crude or ignorant comments or questions.

Since Mr. Foster first 'broke the ice' so to speak, there have been many displays, some of considerable size, and these, together with favorable press write-ups and pictures, have done much to acquaint the general public with bromeliads. Roughly speaking five large displays at the St. Petersburg Orchid Show, and smaller displays at Sarasota (1), Clearwater (2), Largo (Pinellas County Horticulture Society) (2), Largo (8th District Garden Clubs) (1), these plus talks before clubs by members, have vastly increased the interest and appreciation of bromeliads in this area.

As evidence of this two of our large nurserymen, whose main line is orchids, have now a fairly good start towards a full line of bromeliads. Another, who sells small plants to "dime" stores and garden supply stores, is now turning over quite a few Cryptanthus and Aechmeas (chiefly A. Foster's Favorite) through these outlets.

And, the Society, while not large (42 members) has interesting monthly meetings at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Harold Anderson which is in a beautiful semi-tropical setting on the shores of Boca Ciega Bay among orchids and bromeliads galore. Here we hope that we, as well as the general public may find our knowledge of and about these beautiful plants growing from more to more, particularly as we "experts" are continually being asked about bromeliads, manner of growth, potting medium, and so many more matters that the questioner desires to have the answer to in order to "get started right" in growing bromeliads.

It is a glance backwards such as this that provides some little satisfaction at what has been accomplished but also stimulates us in that "Forward Look" that points to still better accomplishments in the years ahead.

10301 Sixty-Fifth Avenue, Route 2, Largo, Florida


FROM THE SECRETARY'S DESK . . .

It is that time of year again when renewals are once more due. For those of you who joined the Society in the middle of the year and who may wonder whether this statement applies to you, the answer is that it does, because all memberships begin with January of the current year. This is the system that is used by most plant societies as it simplifies the clerical work. If for some reason you failed to receive all your issues for 1960, please write at once to obtain your copies. Hereafter all bulletins will be mailed at the beginning of the second month of issue (i.e. February, April, June, August, October, and December), so if you do not receive your copy by the end of that month, let us know at once.

Do you want a larger bulletin and occasionally one with a colored illustration? The Directors would like nothing better, but in order to provide such a publication we need more members, and especially those who help us out with sustaining ($5.00) or fellowship ($10.00) memberships. Also we need more articles for the bulletin. A magazine is only as good as the material which its contributors submit, so it is up to everyone to do his share to make this bulletin worthy of the wonderful plant family with which it deals.

Because of the increased number of duties assumed by the secretary, her work has been divided. From now on, all details concerning membership, renewals, and such related matters will be taken care of by

Mrs. Jeanne Woodbury
1815 Edgecliff Drive
Los Angeles 26, California
Please send your renewal to her — it will receive prompt attention.

At this time of year it is appropriate that we thank those members who unselfishly gave of their time so that this bulletin could be published. Our deepest thanks go to Mr. Morris Henry Hobbs for his beautiful covers, to Mr. James N. Giridlian, who tends to the mailing of the bulletins, to Dr. Lyman B. Smith for his many fine articles, Mr. Mulford B. Foster for his continued assistance and for his many fine articles, to Mrs. Racine Foster for her articles, her advice, her assistance with the reading of proof, and for her work in preparing a second index. We are grateful to the officers and members of the affiliate societies who are doing such a fine work popularizing bromeliads by their participation in their local flower shows. Our thanks also go to Mrs. Maria Wilkes who helped us with the editing of the bulletin for the past five issues. Many of our foreign members have been of great help—Mr. Walter Richter, Dr. Richard Oeser of Germany, Mr. Charles Webb and Mr. William Morris of Australia, Mrs. Muriel Waterman of New Zealand, and Mr. Luis Julio Ariza of the Dominican Republic.


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