BSI Journal - Online Archive

Journal of the Bromeliad Society
Copyright 1986 by the Bromeliad Society, Inc.

Vol. 36, No. 1January—February 1986

Editor: Thomas U. Lineham, Jr., 1508 Lake Shore Drive, Orlando, Florida 32803
Editorial Advisory Board: David Benzing, Racine Foster, Sue Gardner, Victoria Padilla, Robert W. Read.

Cover Photographs: Front: Pitcairnia fimbriato-bracteata, a species collected and newly described by Dr. Werner Rauh, characterized by its winding scape. Photograph by Dr. Rauh. Text begins on page 21. Back: A corner of Bromania, Grace Goode's "Fairyland," an exercise in beauty. Photograph by the author. Text begins on page 3.
3Bromania Grace Goode
6One Mo' Time (continued) Shirley Grubb
8Morren's Paintings, 7: Aechmea jucunda Lyman B. Smith
10A Weird Bromeliad from the Lost World Lyman B. Smith, Robert W. Read
12A New Giant Vriesea from Bahia Wilhelm Weber
14Bromeliaceae Research: A Progress Report Gregory K. Brown, Amy Jean Gilmartin
18Rare Bromeliads from Brazil, No. 2: Vriesea triligulata Gustavo Martinelli, Elton M. C. Leme
21A New Pitcairnia Species from Peru Werner Rauh
25New Directors, 1986-1988 Linda Harbert
26Bromeliad Flower Arrangement, No. 7: Aechmea caudata and Neoregelia 'Fireball' May A. Moir
28Two New Species of Tillandsia from Mexico Sue Gardner
33Regional Reflections
35Internationally Accredited Bromeliad Society Judges and Student Judges List

The Journal, ISSN 0090-8738, is published bimonthly at Orlando, Florida by the Bromeliad Society, Inc. Articles and photo-graphs are earnestly solicited. Closing date is 60 days before month of issue. Advertising rates are listed in the advertising section. Permission is granted to reprint articles in the Journal, in whole or in part, when credit is given to the author and to the Bromeliad Society, Inc.

Please address all membership and subscription correspondence to Membership Secretary Linda Harbert, 2488 E. 49th, Tulsa, OK 74105. Subscription price (in U.S. $) is included in the 12-month membership dues: single - $15.00, dual (two members at one address receiving one Journal) - $20.00, contributing - $20.00, fellowship - $25.00, life - $750.00. Please add $5.00 for international mail, except for life members. For first class mail for any class of membership, please add $5.00. Funds over $15.00 from contributing and fellowship members help to pay the cost of Journal color illustrations.

Back issues: Order 1984 and 1985 issues from the editor @ $3.25 for U.S., $4.00 for all other addresses; 1976-1983, $15.00 U.S., $20.00, international, per volume, from H. W. Wiedman, Dept. of Biological Sciences, Calif. State University-Sacramento, Sacramento, CA 95819. All orders postpaid. Make checks payable to B.S.I.

See inside back cover for a directory of all officers and services.

Printed by: Robinsons Inc., Orlando, Florida

Grace Goode

Fig. 1: Grace Goode   
ome fifteen years ago, I found myself a prisoner in my house and garden lacking the killer instinct to drive a car, a necessary requisite if a motorist wishes to survive on our Queensland roads. Not wishing to become a resentful, carping recluse, I decided to build myself a paradise. What better subject to use for landscaping than beautiful bromeliads. So "Bromania" was born.

In those early attempts I had to use many genera, as I did not have a big collection—aechmeas, billbergias, neoregelias, nidulariums, vrieseas, all in together. What a motley crew they were, but still lovely in those modest beginnings under a calliandra tree. The tree was not large at the time, but now stretches almost from one side of the fence to the other fence, adorned with aechmeas. Because of our very wet monsoon season in the autumn I have found I can grow Ae. fasciata, chantinii, orlandiana, and the like, only in the trees, as they rot at ground level. I dreamed of the day when I could landscape with neoregelias, hundreds of them, flaunting their blushing hearts, in a bed of their own.

Now, the dream has come true and I can reject flowering neoregelias which don't approach the high standard demanded for the main display bed (back cover photograph). I don't get time to feel lonely and there are always members calling, neighbours bringing in their friends, and the occasional busload of people from garden clubs. I am a willing captive of my garden. In sharing it with others, the pleasure is multiplied. "Paradise" as my New Zealand friends call it, and "Fairy-land" the South Australians call it. So that is how Bromania began, an exercise in beauty, a retreat from the world.

When I first fell in love with bromeliads back in the 1960's, there were not many species and numbers were limited. The gassing of imported plants deterred would-be importers and most plants were obtained from seed from the Americas. The hardy "earth stars," that genus closest to my heart were a notable exception to the gassing problem. I have not lost a cryptanthus to gassing yet. The Neoregelias on the local scene were: concentrica, spectabilis, farinosa, marmorata, chlorosticta, ampullacea-types, and numerous carolinae hybrids, so-called, but never carolinae—why, I wondered? This was the material the hybridist had to use and, limited as it was, some lively hybrids were obtained.

In 1975 I attended the Silver Anniversary of the Society in Los Angeles feeling like a zombie for the whole ten days I stayed there because the seventeen-hour trip (my first flight) had left me with jet lag. The Los Angeles members were most generous with their plants, giving me those which were still rare. I brought back to Australia new blood—a hybridist's dream. I lost about six in quarantine, but exhorted the remaining flock to grow quickly so that I could wield the magic wand to enrich the Australian bromeliad population.

In the initial stages, the budding enthusiast pollinates everything which is blooming, mainly because of lack of plants. With thousands of plants in flower, the experienced hybridist studies the desired qualities before dashing out with brush in hand. When sleep evades me, I think of potentialities of plants: size, form, colour, texture of leaves, resistance to heat and cold. But how many failures there are. One crossing came close to the heart's desire. This was Neo. marmorata with chlorosticta. I wanted the size and formation of marmorata and the colour of chlorosticta, and so Neo. 'Charm' was born in 1978 (and there is a photo of it in Victoria Padilla's book The Colorful Bromeliads).

Pleased with this success, I did the cross again and what a miserable lot they were. An elongated form of chlorosticta with few leaves, insipid in colouring, and not showing much influence of marmorata. Ervin Wurthmann is correct, in my opinion, when he says it all depends on which parent is dominant at time of mating. It is a matter of chance; you can get an Einstein or a moron.

I managed to obtain a plant of Neo. cyanea from George Anderson in 1980 when I attended the Orlando Conference. What a wonderful plant to use in hybridizing. George is thrice blessed in my book. I crossed it with chlorosticta and I dare to think it is superior to 'Fireball'. I love the latter, particularly for landscaping, but its leaves are too soft, suffering in our mild winters and burning in our summers. My hybrid, which I have called 'Born of Fire' has short, stiff, pointed leaves, the colour is deep wine red, the size is that of 'Fireball'. It offsets generously and is indifferent to cold or heat. A wonderful landscape subject.

Fig. 2: Neoregelia 'Amazing Grace', the author's most famous cultivar.

In hybridising I do not like to wander far from the species. My personal choice is species crossed with hybrids or vice versa. I have no love for hybrids crossed with hybrids, particularly hybrids selfed. They inherit all the weaknesses of their forebears: a big tendency to quill, and sensitivity to the cold. Granted, the grower can get a few super plants of outstanding quality, but I consider it not worth the time or space to grow a hundred or so seedlings to get a super plant. Most of all I prefer to use a variety of a species as the seed plant, as a variety has already varied from the species and has the seeds of change within its genes. In using a parent like this the progeny show amazing diversity in form and colour and many good hybrids can be obtained.

According to my "stud" book, I have done twelve billbergia crosses, thirty-seven crosses in cryptanthus, seventy-five crosses in neoregelias, six bigeneric, and a few in the aechmeas. My most famous would be Neo. 'Amazing Grace', a variant from the 'Sheer Joy' grex, which has lime colour with red stripes (fig. 2).

The greatest fulfillment I have received from a named cross was Billbergia amoena var. minor crossed with horrida var. tigrina. Six days before my sister died from cancer, I told her I was going to call a plant after her: Billbergia 'Jean Black'. Her wan smile and, "I'd love that, Grace," were the greatest rewards ever for me in the field of hybridising.

My experience in crossing bromeliads makes me believe that two highly coloured parents produce nondescript offspring, lacking the colour of the parents, cancelling each other out, as it were.

I think Neo. olens is a wonderful plant for hybridising, imparting its bright centre to its progeny, but, alas! also dominating with the sparse leaves. Oh! for a 'Fireball' with the bright centre of olens. But who knows? Maybe some hybridist in the future will accomplish this.

Finally my days of hybridising are coming to a close. Most of my plants are grown terrestrially and peering into the innards of neoregelias at ground level is anathema to my back—the years are taking their toll. I sometimes think I must resemble a witch, crouching over my plants, muttering incantations. Oh, well! perhaps there is some magic in it.

Alexandra Headlands, Queensland

[The Australian Bromeliad Society in 1982 honored Grace Goode with life membership for her work in the field of hybridizing.]

One Mo' Time (cont' d)
Shirley Grubb

e began planning the 1986 World Bromeliad Conference in 1982 right after the Corpus Christi conference and in spite of that planning we are still operating with a large guessing factor when it comes to how many of you will come to the party. We are concerned because we want to be sure that there will be enough of everything: we don't want to run short and disappoint you. So, here I would like to show you the tentative schedule, tell you why we picked the Fairmont (it used to be the Roosevelt) Hotel, and suggest things that you might like to do in addition to taking part in the Conference activities, and urge you to register as soon as possible.

The Fairmont, in terms of our planned activities and the hoped-for attendance, is just the right size and they are interested in meeting our needs. Unlike some of the giant hotels with several conventions going on at the same time, the Fairmont has the location, the facilities, and the prices that we think are the best for us. The hotel is just one-half block from Canal Street and two blocks from the French Quarter. It has completely renovated facilities. The cuisine is among the best in the city, but, as said before, there are all kinds of restaurants, fast and slow, expensive and not so expensive, nearby. When you register for the conference, you will receive a raffle ticket that might pay for your stay of up to three nights. The drawing will be on the night of the banquet.

If you drive, there is a parking garage across the street from the hotel. If you fly, the airport limousine comes directly to the front door.

When you have torn yourself away from the hotel and the convention goings-on, you can walk or take a taxi to the French Quarter, to the Superdome, the Mississippi levee, the Rouse development on the site of the 1984 World's Fair. You can take tours of the city and tours to the antebellum homes along both sides of the river between New Orleans and Baton Rouge. You can even take the St. Charles streetcar to the Garden District with its beautiful old homes. These and other tours may be arranged right at the hotel.

We want you to come. We need to know how many of you plan to be here so that we won't run out of essentials such as the wine at the opening reception. We want to be among friends who love bromeliads and who will talk to us about them. We want to see plants, to buy plants, and to learn about them. We think that you want these things, too.

See you at the 1986 World Bromeliad Conference—New Orleans, where else?

1986 World Bromeliad Conference Tentative Show Schedule

Wednesday, May 21, 1986
All day
9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
12:00 noon to 1:00 p.m.
3:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m.
Set up show.
B.S.I. board meeting.
B.S.I. lunch.
Thursday, May 22, 1986
9:00 a.m. to 12:00
12:00 noon to 1:00 p.m.
12:00 noon to 1:00 p.m.
10:00 a.m. to 12:00
2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.
4:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.
6:00 p.m.
6:30 p.m.—
Judges' briefing and judging.
Judges' lunch.
Photo session in the show area for photographers.
Walking tours of the French Quarter.
Walking tours of the French Quarter.
Show and plant sales open to registrants only.
Opening ceremonies in St. Louis Cathedral.
Morris Henry Hobbs art exhibit in the Presbytère.
Friday, May 23, 1986
9:00 a.m. to 12:00
10:00 a.m. to 12:00
12:00 noon
2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.
6:00 p.m.
8:00 p.m.—
Show open to registrants only; plant sales open.
Show open to the public.
River boat ride.
Show and plant sales close.
Rare plant auction (cash bar).
Saturday, May 24, 1986
9:00 a.m.
9:00 a.m. to 12:00
1:00 p.m. to 2:00 p.m.
3:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.
6:00 p.m.
7:00 pm. to 8:00 p.m.
8:00 p.m.—
Show open to the public.
Wisdom home tour.
Walking tours of the French Quarter; seminars.
David H. Benzing, Ph.D., featured speaker.
Wisdom home tour.
Walking tours of the French Quarter; seminars.
Show and plant sales close.
Happy hour (cash bar).
Banquet, drawings, entertainment.
Sunday, May 25, 1986
9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.
9:00 a.m. to 12:00
Show open to the public.
Plant sales open.
Wisdom home tour.
Walking tours of the French Quarter.
Monday, May 26, 1986
All day

Local gardens open to conference registrants—to be announced.
Judges' school #2—See handbook for topics to be covered.

Morren's Paintings, 7: Aechmea jucunda
Lyman B. Smith

Photograph by the author
of a painting by C. J. E. Morren.
Fig. 3: Aechmea jucunda, victim of nomenclature rules, now called Aechmea wittmackiana.

ccording to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, when two or more names have been applied to the same species the earliest one must be used even though it is a poorer description of the species and even though, as in this case, it was described under the wrong genus. So we must now call the species Aechmea wittmackiana instead of jucunda. However, there is usually the consolation that the later name adds to our knowledge of the species.

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

A Weird Bromeliad from the Lost World
Lyman B. Smith and Robert W. Read

his new bromeliad (fig. 4) comes from the remote region along Venezuela's southern border popularly known as the "Lost World" from Conan Doyle's famous novel. It has not yielded any of the live dinosaurs recounted in the book but its plants are strictly out of this world. Although this comes to Pitcairnia bulbosa in the Flora Neotropica key it is quite unlike it even from a great distance.

6a. Pitcairnia rondonicola L. B. Smith & R. W. Read, sp. nov. A P. bulbosa L. B. Smith, cui affinis, bracteis primariis late ovatis, inflorescentiae ramis plurimis brevioribus gracillimis, bracteis florigeris multo brevioribus, pedicellis gracillimis differt.

Plant known only from fragments, over 1 m and probably 2 m high. Leaves ca. 4-5 dm long; sheaths pale yellow, otherwise scarcely distinct; blades narrowly triangular, rigid, probably attenuate and pungent like the scape-bracts, 4 cm wide, pale appressed lepidote beneath. Scape stout, at first sparsely flocculose, soon glabrescent; scape-bracts erect, serrate, pale appressed lepidote beneath, foliaceous at base. Inflorescence laxly bipinnate, 7 dm long, much branched, nearly to the apex, glabrescent; primary bracts broadly ovate with blades narrowly triangular, serrate or not, pale-lepidote beneath, to 6 cm long; branches 2-9 cm long, very slender. Floral bracts ovate, acute, 5 mm long, thin, glabrescent; pedicels to 18 mm long, very slender. Sepals narrowly triangular, 16 mm long, glabrous; petals to 23 mm long, naked, orange (Pipoly et al.); stamens shorter than petals; ovary glabrous 1/3 inferior.

Brazil: Amazonas: Pico Rondon, 0-3 km N of km 211 of Perimetral N Highway, lithophyte in scrub forest on upper S ridge, common only on summit, ca. 1° 32' N; 62° 48' W; 3 Feb 1984, J. Pipoly, G. Samuels & J. G. Oliveira 6623 (NY holotype, MG isotype).

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Fig. 4: Pitcairnia rondonicola, a new find from the "Lost World" of the southern border of Venezuela.

A New Giant Vriesea from Bahia
Wilhelm Weber

Alvim Seidel   
Fig. 5: This giant Vriesea species with inflorescence 60 cm high, is a recent discovery by Alvim Seidel from the interior of Bahia.   
riesea roberto-seidelii W. Weber sp. nov.

A Vriesea lancifolia (Baker) L. B. Smith 1941 cui affinis, foliis anguste lingulatis, bracteis scapales longioris quam internodiis, flores crasse stipitatis differt.

Planta florens usque ad 240 cm alta. Folia anguste lingulata, viridia, subdense appresso-lepidota, rosulam ad 1 m diametiens formans. Vaginae ovatae, ad 18 cm longae, 8 cm latae, ad basim ferrugineae. Laminae ad 60 cm longae, 30 mm latae, modice canaliculatae, apices subrotundatis et apiculatis. Scapus erectus, 175 cm longus, teres, ad 15 mm diametiens, subglaber. Bracteae scapales erectae, basales subfoliaceis, superiores longe ovatis et apiculatis, internodiis superans. Inflorescentia simplex, ad 60 cm alta, disticha, subdense, plus-minusve 36-flora, internodiis 15-20 mm longis. Flores ad 45 mm longis, 8-17 mm crasse stipitatis. Bracteae florales ovales, obtusae, 20-25 mm longae, ad 17 mm latae, coriaceae, ecarinatae, indistincte nervatae, pallide flavae apices rubro-marginatis, subdense brunneo-lepidotae, cum flores secundam propositis. Sepala libera, longe-ovata, obtusa, usque ad 30 mm longa, 12 mm lata, coriacea, ecarinata, flava, subdense brunneo-lepidota, bracteis floralis valde superans. Petala cum genitalia ignota (ab photo A. Seidel flava, stamina plus-minusve aequilonga quam petala).

Leg. Alvim Seidel no. 934. Brasilia, Bahia, Piata, 800 msm. Holotypus: WEB 686.

Plant flowered 240 cm high (fig. 5). Leaves narrowly lingulate, green, slightly lepidote, forming a funnelform rosette to 1 m in diameter. Sheaths ovate, to 18 cm long and 8 cm wide, ferruginous at base; blades to 60 cm long, 30 mm wide, moderately canaliculate, tips blunt and apiculate. Scape erect, 175 cm long, to 15 mm in diameter, terete, subglabrous; scape bracts erect, the lower subfoliaceous, the higher long-ovate and apiculate, exceeding the internodes. Inflorescence simple, to 60 cm high, somewhat dense, about 36-flowered, flowers and bracts secund, rachis nearly straight, internodes 15-20 mm long. Flowers to 45 mm long with 8-17 mm long, stout pedicel. Floral bracts obtusely ovate, 20-25 mm long, to 17 mm wide, coriaceous, faintly nerved, ecarinate, pale yellow with red margins extending to the tip, slightly brown lepidote; sepals free, long ovate, obtuse, to 30 mm long, 12 mm wide, coriaceous, ecarinate, yellow, slightly brown lepidote, much exceeding the floral bracts; petals, stamens, and pistil not seen (after photo by A. Seidel petals yellow, spreading, stamens about equal in length to the petals).

As a vriesea with simple inflorescence, this new discovery by Alvim Seidel is really a giant species (fig. 6), closely related to Vriesea lancifolia, but much larger; the leaves lingulate, the scape bracts exceeding the internodes, and the flowers long and stoutly stipitated.

Mr. Seidel wrote to me, "I found this species in a wet, inner region of the State of Bahia at an elevation of about 800 m above sea level. These plants were growing in a loose, terrestrial manner with their roots scarcely penetrating the soil. Only one flower opens daily, never two on the same day."

This peculiar species is named in memory of Roberto Seidel, the father of the explorer.

Waldsteinberg, East Germany

Drawing by Wilhelm Weber

Fig. 6: Vriesea roberto-seidelii
A. habit   B. apex of the leaf   C. part of the postfloral inflorescence   D. floral bract   E. postfloral flower with stout pedicel   F. sepal

Bromeliaceae Research: A Progress Report
Gregory K. Brown1 and Amy Jean Gilmartin2

or over a year we have been conducting collaborative research dealing with Bromeliaceae chromosomes, floral morphology, and phylogenetic analysis. Examples of the kinds of research progress to date include 1) 56 chromosome counts from 46 species, 35 of these being new or first time reports; 2) studies in the origins of mesic and xeric species within the Tillandsia subgenus Phytarrhiza and relationships to the subgenera Diaphoranthema and Pseudo-Catopsis; 3) scanning electron microscope analysis of floral morphology, especially stigma architecture, for nearly two-thirds of the species from Tillandsia subgenus Phytarrhiza (fig. 7), as well as for other members of the family (fig. 8). We are not alone in our efforts thanks to a dedicated group of resident botanists in Latin America who supply us with wet-preserved floral buds and flowers for chromosomal and floral morphology studies respectively. In addition, the field participants also prepare dried, unmounted herbarium specimens which are subsequently processed into voucher specimens, and also detailed field collection data. All material is sent to Washington State University. In return, field participants are partially reimbursed for their efforts. From our point of view, the field participant or collector network has worked very well. It has proven to be an extremely cost effective means of generating the raw materials needed for chromosomal and floral studies, and promises to serve as a template system for other temperate region botanists with serious research interests in specific tropical plant groups.

Fig. 7: SEM (40X) showing a side-view of style and stigma with stamens intact from Tillandsia dyeriana.

Fig. 8: SEM (50X) showing a top view of the conduplicate-spiral stigma
of Nidularium innocentii.

Spearheaded by Dr. Gilmartin, a special satellite meeting at the 4th Latin American Botanical Congress (Medellin, Colombia: 29 June-5 July 1986) has been scheduled in order to gather together as many of the field participants in the project as possible to discuss project organization and research results. The agenda addresses procedural aspects of the field participant network, a summary of research progress to date, and future plans. The meeting is also expected to enhance the active research collaboration between the field participants in Latin America and ourselves. Table 1 lists the names and addresses of the field participants.

The live bromeliad collection and the Mulford B. Foster Bromeliad Identification Center at Selby Botanical Gardens have also played an important role in providing materials for the research. Selby Gardens probably has the best research-oriented bromeliad collection in the New World (see Bromel. Soc. 1985, 35: 219-221). Most of the specimens are field-collected, have accurate collection data, and reliable identifications. Utilizing this resource has made it possible to obtain large quantities of floral and floral bud material otherwise not available or difficult to obtain.

Since its inception, the research has produced a number of scientific contributions, including:

Brown, G.K.; Varadarajan, G. S.; Gilmartin, A. J.; Luther, H. E. Chromosome Number Reports LXXXV. Bromeliaceae. Taxon 33: 758-759; 1984.
Brown, G. K.; Gilmartin, A. J. Stigma structure and variation in Bromeliaceae neglected taxonomic characters. Brittonia 36: 364-374; 1984.
Gilmartin, A. J.; Brown, G. K. Cleistogamy in Tillandsia capillaris (Bromeliaceae). Biotropica 17: 256-259; 1985.
Gilmartin, A. J.; Brown, G. K. (In press). Bromeliaceae: An international cooperative research project. Taxon.
Gilmartin, A. J.; Brown, G. K. (In press). Cladistic tests of hypotheses concerning evolution of xerophytes and mesophytes within Tillandsia subgenus Phytarrhiza (Bromeliaceae). American Journal of Botany.

In additional to the papers already in print or soon to be so, new manuscripts relevant to the research are in various stages of preparation. Both authors have also presented aspects of the research at various scientific meetings and symposia.

The research and collector network is funded by a National Science Foundation Grant (BSR-8407573) to the authors which continues through October 1987. Some of the future goals and research activities include: expansions of the chromosome number and floral morphology studies, a taxonomic revision of Tillandsia subgenus Phytarrhiza, studies of phylogenetic relations among the three subfamilies (Bromelioideae, Pitcairnioideae, Tillandsioideae), and collecting field trips to South America, Mexico, and West Germany. This research is making a significant contribution toward knowledge in the area of Bromeliaceae biology and taxonomy.

1. Department of Botany, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071-3165
2. Department of Botany, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164

Table 1. 1985 Field Participants in Bromeliaceae Research


Dr. James Ackerman Departamento de Biología, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico 00931.
Dr. Stephan Beck Herbário Nacional de Bolivia, Cajon Postal 20127, La Paz, Bolivia.
Ingra.Olga Benavides Herbário, Universidad de Narino, Apartada Aereo 1175-1176, Pasto, Colombia.
Dr. Luis Bernardello Museo Botánico, Casilla de Correo 495, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina.
Elizabeth Bravo V. Herbário QCA, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Apartado 2184, Quito, Ecuador.
Sr. David Brunner Herbário del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural (PY), Inventario Biologico Nacional, Servicio Forestal Nacional, Tacuary, 443, Edif. Patria 6 Piso, Asunción, Paraguay.
Sr. Hermes Cuadros Jardin Botánico "Guillermo Pinare", Apartado Aereo 5456, Cartegena, Colombia.
Dr. David Diaz-Miranda Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela.
Dra. Linda Albert de Escobar Herbário, Universidad de Antioquia, Apartado Aereo 1226, Medellin, Colombia.
Dr. Gert Hatschbach Directoria de Parques y Pracas, Museu Botánico Municipal, Cx. Postal 1142, Curitiba 80000, Paraná, Brasil.
Dr. Stephen Koch Centro de Botánica, Colegio de Postgraduados, 56230 Chapingo, Mexico.
Dr. Gustavo Martinelli Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal, Jardin Botánico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
Dr. Lazaro Novara Decanato, Universidad Nacional de Salta, Buenos Aires 177, 4400 Salta, Argentina.
Dr. Fernando Ortiz Crespo University of the Sacred Heart, Natural Sciences, Box 12383 Loiza Station, Santurce, Puerto Rico 00914.
Patricia Magana Rueda Herbário Nacional (MEXU), Instituto de Biología, UNAM, Apdo. Postal 70-367, Deleg. Coyoacan, 04510 Mexico, D. F., Mexico.
Dra. Rosa Subils Museo Botánico, Casilla de Correo 495, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina.
Dr. Isidora Sanchez Vega Los Fresnos 191, Urb. El Ingenio, Apartado 55, Cajamarca, Peru.
Dr. Tom Wendt Centro de Botánica, Colegio de Postgraduados, 56230 Chipingo, Mexico.

Rare Bromeliads from Brazil, No. 2: Vriesea triligulata
Gustavo Martinelli and Elton M. C Leme

E. M. C. Leme
Fig. 9: Mountains near Macaé, northeast of Rio de Janeiro, are the hard-to-reach habitat
of the recently rediscovered Vriesea triligulata

he Serra do Mar is a range of mountains that runs along the Atlantic coast from the State of Rio Grande do Sul to the northern part of the State of Rio de Janeiro. Its length is broken into several smaller mountains that take different local names like Bocaina, Orgãos, and Macaé. The typical vegetation of these mountainsides is the damp Atlantic forest, and its exuberance has always appealed to biologists, naturalists, and to the lovers of nature in general (fig. 9).

In view of the combination of several favorable biological factors, the family Bromeliaceae is one of the most represented in such ecosystems. The great diversity of species and varieties of bromeliads found in the mountainous coast of the State of Rio de Janeiro allowed the pioneer researchers to discover countless plants previously unknown to science. One of them is the Vriesea triligulata Mez, 1894, collected in 1887 by Glaziou in an elevated part of the Serra dos Orgãos not precisely determined.

As the result of excursions begun in 1982, in the mountainous region of Macaé, we have rediscovered among other species the very beautiful and rare V. triligulata (fig. 10). It is a medium-size plant which flowers up to 85 cm high. Its ligulate, suberect, green leaves form a narrow funnelform water reservoir at base. The scape is erect, stout, covered with erect, broadly elliptic, acute, and red bracts. The inflorescence is compound, about 25 cm long; it has about 5 spreading or suberect branches, 4-6 flowered, 5-9 cm long, elliptic or lanceolate in shape and compressed. The floral bracts are divergent, broadly ovate and acute, about 28 mm long, equaling and covering the sepals, obtusely carinate, and red. The short pedicellated flowers are divergent. The 24-mm long sepals are elliptic and obtuse. The yellow petals are ligulate, 40 mm long, shorter than the stamens, bearing 2 acute scales at the base of each one.

E. M. C. Leme
Fig. 10: Vriesea triligulata, a medium-size, rare plant which flowers up to 85 cm high, found by the authors growing both as an epiphyte and on the ground.

Part of the collected material was deposited in the Herbarium of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden under number 210.383, collection made by C. Farney no. 58, July 30, 1982 and number 210.303, collected by G. Martinelli no. 8737 and C. Farney in Sept. 16, 1982.

The V. triligulata was so named by Mez after noticing only one ligula at the bottom of each petal instead of two, as usually happens. The famous botanist described this species as follows: "...petalis ligulatis, ligula singula latissima triangulari auctis," meaning that each petal was provided with only one ligula, very wide and triangular. Dr. L. B. Smith was unable to verify this strange detail and, consequently, states in his monograph that the morphological characteristic noted by Mez is doubtful.

Thorough studies of the newly gathered samples verified that the existence of two ligulae at the base of each petal is the usual number and not just one as Mez had reported. That Mez once had in hand a specimen bearing the abnormality is not surprising. The lack of material for comparison contributes to the fact that the discrepancy was not taken into consideration by that eminent specialist.

In its habitat, the V. triligulata was found as an epiphyte and sometimes growing on the ground in the interior of the Atlantic forest at an altitude above 1,000 meters. Its occurrence in the collecting area is relatively common. Probably this species should be more widespread geographically. We have concluded that the destruction of its former habitat has confined the species to a small area, but it is better preserved because it is hard to reach in places like the overhangs of Serra dos Orgãos-Marcaé where it survives today.

Growing specimens in areas at sea level like the city of Rio de Janeiro has proved a problem making still more uncertain the survival of such a lovely and vulnerable representative of the Atlantic-mountain flora of Brazil.

Rio de Janeiro

A New Pitcairnia Species from Peru
Werner Rauh

itcairnia fimbriato-bracteata Rauh sp. nov. 1 is a most curious new species from northeastern Peru. It is characterized by the floral bracts which soon degenerate leaving only the nerves wrapped around the entire inflorescence creating the appearance of a bird's nest (cover photograph).

Pitcairnia fimbriato-bracteata is stemless and forms big bushes up to 2 m high. The single rosettes have only a few dimorphic leaves. The outer ones with a reduced blade, are brown and soon dying. Sheaths of the normal leaves inconspicuous, lanceolate, up to 1.5 cm high and 2 cm wide. Blades long-lanceolate, up to 80 cm long and 7 cm wide, thin, green above, and glabrous, densely pale brown lepidote, beneath in the upper third inconspicuously serrulate with a 130-cm long (!), 0.5-cm wide, canaliculate, pale brown, tomentose petiole. Inflorescence much shorter than the leaves. Scape up to 80 cm long, 1 cm thick, round, glabrous, bright cinnabar-red, erect at the base, then curving downwards, and the simple inflorescence again erect, therefore resembling a tobacco pipe. Scape bracts much shorter than the internodes, long triangular, acute, soon drying blackish (fig. 11). Inflorescence simple, many flowering, short-cylindric-acute, up to 15 cm long and 5 cm thick, densely wrapped in a cloth of the dead and fibrous floral bracts. Inflorescence axis erect, straight, 0.7 cm thick, glabrous, cinnabar-red. Living floral bracts much exceeding the sepals, long-lanceolate-acute, up to 6 cm long, 1.4 cm wide and carinate at the base, carmine-red when young, laxly lepidote, before anthesis drying black and becoming fibrous. Flowers subsessile, strongly zygomorphic (fig. 12). Sepals strongly curved, the posterior ones carinate, lanceolate-acute, up to 3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, even, not nerved, carmine-red, glabrous, brown lepidote only at the tips and the base. Petals up to 6 cm long, 1 cm wide, ligulate, short acute, bright carmine-red, at the base a fleshy, 1-cm long, not dentated ligule. Stamens and style with spiralized stigmas curved like the petals and exserted. Filaments thick, often flexuous at the base. Anthers lineal, 1.5 cm long, yellow. Ovary 3-angled, but not winged, 0.7 cm long, 0.6 cm thick, with verrucose epidermis, ¾ inferior.

Holotype: Rauh and von Bismarck 40 108 (17 July 1976), in Herbarium of the Institute of Systematic Botany of the University of Heidelberg (HEID).

Habitat and distribution: Terrestrial in a degenerated rainforest, 700 m altitude, between Nazareth and Imacita, Amazonas Dept., northeastern Peru.

The species name, P. fimbriato-bracteata, refers to the fibrous floral bracts. It is currently known only from the type locality. With respect to the shape of the ovules, the new species belongs to the subgenus Pepinia and has probably some relationship to P. quesnelioides L. B. Smith, which is known only from southern Colombia (Puerto Limón, 900 m, Foster 2257). It differs from P. quesnelioides by the presence of a long (up to 130 cm), canaliculate, pale brown petiole, by the long, lanceolate blade, by the even, not strongly nerved, glabrous, curved, and 3.5-cm long sepals, and by the verrucose ovary which is not winged and which does not ascend abruptly.

The development of the inflorescence is worthy of note. The scape first grows erect, then it curves sharply downwards toward the ground, and with the formation of the inflorescence, the axis becomes erect again so that a tobacco pipe shape results.

The floral bracts are alive only at the tip of the inflorescence. They are densely imbricate and bright red, but before anthesis of the flowers they die, becoming black and degenerate; only their nerves persist, enveloping the whole inflorescence like a web of fibers. We have observed such behavior of the floral bracts also in P. quesnelioides and P. bakeri, but the latter belongs to the subgenus Pitcairnia.

1. The Latin diagnosis will appear in "Bromelienstudien", 17, Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt, Bd. 54, 1985.

Heidelberg, West Germany

Fig. 11: The bright red scape of the Pitcairnia fimbriato-bracteata grows up to 80 cm long, curving first down, then up in the shape of a tobacco pipe.

Fig. 12: A section of the Pitcairnia fimbriato-bracteata inflorescence showing the symmetry of the flowers.

Sporotrichosis: A Disease Hazard for Those Handling Sphagnum Moss

[BSI Director Ervin Wurthmann suggests that we reprint the following information extracted from the 15 March 1985 Newsletter of the Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida and originally printed in the Virginia Nurserymen's Association Newsletter, April 1984. The basic article describes sporotrichosis as a potentially serious fungus disease sometimes contracted by those working with trees packed in sphagnum moss. The editor's note accompanying the article summarizes the information as follows:]

ndividuals in Florida's nursery industry handle thousands of cubic yards of sphagnum peat each year. The material referred to in this article is sphagnum moss, a very light tan colored product with moss-like strands plus some fines. I have never heard of an individual contracting sporotrichosis from handling sphagnum peat, the medium-to-dark brown material used in many potting media. As the preceding article describes, this is not the case with sphagnum moss.

"During the ten years I have been in Florida, I have heard of two Florida nursery-related cases of sporotrichosis, although there probably have been several others. One of these cases involved Dr. William B. Ennis, Jr. who is director of the Fort Lauderdale Research and Education Center, University of Florida. Several years ago Dr. Ennis was doing some needed gardening, more specifically, preparing a hanging basket the good old way using a wire frame and lining it with wet sphagnum moss prior to adding a peat mix and the plants. In the process he punctured the skin on one hand and provided a site for the pathogen to enter. The resulting infection became very serious as it spread up his arm.

"Since this disease is not an everyday occurrence, most doctors are not able to diagnose it properly. This was certainly the case with Dr. Ennis who had visited a number of medical types during a period of several weeks as his infection spread. Finally, one specialist recognized the disorder and started a medication program. It took Dr. Ennis several months to eradicate the systemic fungus. This is indeed a serious disorder. If suspected on a nursery worker, or anyone else for that matter, have the infection diagnosed properly and a medication program prescribed. The fungus could kill a person if the infection were permitted to spread unchecked."

New Directors, 1986-1988
Linda Harbert

here were many more ballots cast than in earlier years, an obvious indication of increased interest on the part of the members. The directors are elected to speak for the individual members of the several regions, and the directors-at-large to speak for any member anywhere. Each election is your chance to get the representation you want.

The annual call for nominations was published in the November-December issue of the Journal with the explanation that each affiliate president or each director may nominate one qualified member for his region only and one at-large. We hope that the selection of the candidates will be made in consultation with all members of each affiliate.

The newly elected directors and their addresses are:

B. Dean Fairchild
13191 SW 82 Ave.
Miami, FL 33156
Ronald Schoenau
P.O. Box 12981
Gainesville, FL 32604
William E. Frazel
12500 Lake Road
Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33325
Wayne B. Guthrie
5938 Theall
Houston, TX 77066

Cultural Hints

Driftwood. Steve Correale says that he has been using driftwood from salt water without waiting for the salt to leach and has experienced no plant damage.

Rehydration. A dehydrated plant can be revived by submerging it in a pail of sugar water for several hours or even overnight. Mix one cup to a pailful of water. Do not use a galvanized container for long periods because of possibly harmful effects. This treatment works also with orchids and ferns.

How to stretch tree fern. To your regular mix of one part peat moss, one part perlite, and one part crushed tree fern, add one part redwood chips and turkey grit (granite chips) mixed. The redwood breaks down more slowly than other wood chips and the bromeliads will like the acid rock.

From Bromeliadvisory, Bromeliad Society of South Florida,
February and November 1984 issues.

Bromeliad Flower Arrangement, No. 7: Aechmea caudata and Neoregelia 'Fireball'
May A. Moir

Richard Jurick
Fig. 13: An arrangement of Aechmea caudata
and Neoregelia 'Fireball.'

he construction of this arrangement is very simple. As I have said before, one needs a good kenzan (needle holder) large enough for all of the material you plan to use. One heliconia stem or a very slender banana stalk must be well secured to the kenzan. Cut the heliconia stalk to almost the height of the tallest ti leaf. Pin back a row of leaves to the stalk wherever needed. The aechmea usually will stand without being pinned. The 'Fireball' does not have to go into the kenzan, but just be tucked into the edge of the container.

Your editor has asked me to comment on the design of the flower arrangement. To begin with there is a strong diagonal line running through the center formed by the Aechmea caudata inflorescences and it divides the two groups of ti leaves. The Neoregelia 'Fireball' plants are the anchor of strong dark color at the base of the arrangement. There is an interesting contrast of textures between the large, smooth ti leaves and the intricate bunches of the Aechmea caudata. I have used a close range of color from yellow through apricot, orange, rose, and maroon red; even the brass container blends with the plant material.

Honolulu, Hawaii

Drawing by the author.
Fig. 14: This drawing of the arrangement shown in figure 13 emphasizes the element of line and the contrast of dark and light colors. Comparison of the drawing with the color picture and study of the brief text provide an introduction to the three elements of design in bromeliad flower arrangement.

Two New Species of Tillandsia from Mexico
Sue Gardner

ull scientific descriptions of these two species were published in Selbyana Vol. 7, pages 361-379 in August of 1984. The first species, T. aguascalientensis C. S. Gardner, is new to horticulture as well as to science. The second species T pseudobaileyi C. S. Gardner has been in cultivation for many years under the name of T baileyi Rose, another species with which it has been confused.

Tillandsia aguascalientensis (fig. 15 and 16) is a medium-sized, grey Tillandsia from the State of Aguascalientes in central Mexico where it is saxicolous on rock walls and boulders at an elevation of about 2,000 to 2,200 meters. This species appears to be closely related to T dugesii J. G. Baker. The plant is about 40 cm in height including the inflorescence. The narrowly triangular leaves are leathery and cinereous-lepidote above and below. The scape is stout and erect. The erect, pinnate inflorescence bears numerous strict, 5- to 10-flowered branches that are subtended by glabrous cherry-red primary bracts with lepidote, recurved (upper) or pendant (lower) blades. The conduplicate, keeled floral bracts are glossy, cherry-red with lepidote margins and apices. Flowers are lavender, 51-63 mm long (fig. 17).

Tillandsia pseudobaileyi (fig. 18, page 31) is an epiphyte of open, seasonally dry forests, growing horizontally or descending at elevations of 300 to 1000 meters. Distribution of T. pseudobaileyi is southern Mexico to Nicaragua (fig. 21, page 32). This species has been confused with T. baileyi which has a similar habit but which occurs in southern Texas and coastal Tamaulipas, Mexico. T. pseudobaileyi can easily be distinguished from T. baileyi by several characteristics. It has a larger, more bulbose body and harder, nearly glabrous leaves. T. baileyi foliage is grey-lepidote. Trichomes of T. pseudobaileyi are smaller (averaging 0.25 mm) than those of T. baileyi (0.35 mm) and their morphology is different (fig. 19 & 20, page 32).

Flowering or fruiting specimens are distinguishable by inflorescence characters. T. baileyi has a simple spike, and lepidote, pale rose floral bracts. In contrast, T. pseudobaileyi typically produces a compound inflorescence of up to five branches. Floral bracts are appressed-lepidote, flushed blood-red in strong light. Flowering season also differs, T. pseudobaileyi flowers January to March and T. baileyi April to May.

Corpus Christi, Texas

Drawing by the author.
Fig. 15: Tillandsia aguascalientensis C. S. Gardner

Fig. 16: Tillandsia aguascalientensis shown growing on rock walls
in central Mexico.




Fig. 17: A closeup of the glossy,
cherry-red floral bracts of
T. aguascalientensis.

Drawing by the author.
Fig. 18: Tillandsia pseudobaileyi.

Fig. 19 & 20: SEM photographs of trichomes from abaxial leaf blade of T. baileyi and T. pseudobaileyi respectively. Bar represents 100 microns.

Fig. 21: Distribution of T pseudobaileyi - closed circles, and T. baileyi - open circles.

Regional Reflections


romeliads are a hobby with me and I am trying to grow as great a variety as I can. I've been removing pups and potting or repotting what seems to me to be my best example of each particular species. I'm finding that I simply do not have room for the large number of duplicate pups that I'm acquiring.

Several ideas have occurred to me. Throwing them into the dump is unacceptable. Another possibility intrigues me. Why not a round-robin pup exchange? We could improve our clones by promoting cross-fertilization between different clones of the same species. We could also increase the variety of our collections. Perhaps we could get mates for some of our dioceious plants. For instance, I have a female Hechtia glomerata, a male Hechtia glabra, and a male Androlepis skinneri. I would like to get mates for these.

Some of the pups I've taken so far are 10 male Androlepis skinneri, a half-dozen Portea leptantha, a number of Quesnelia arvensis, and that is just the start. At least a half dozen Aechmea fosterianas are just waiting for a good home. I have seven 'Ensigns' and really need only one.

I see this as a small-time operation conducted by a small group such as those who take part in round-robins. The members would have to be pretty careful about nomenclature or people might get upset and quit. I can see this exchange as a swap meet, or as a way to make a little money—matters to be worked out. I look forward to hearing from all interested growers, commercial and amateur.

As an addendum, I have about 80 or more Aechmea macvaughii seedlings about ready for new homes (see Journal 34; 104 (1984). Drop me a card saying that you want some and give me your reaction to the pup exchange proposal.

Charles E. Dills
1371 Avalon, San Luis Obisbo, CA 93401, (805) 544-1731


Dr. Morris Dexter says that his success in growing Aechmea orlandiana 'Ensign' is the result of growing it in large pots with lots of light, fertilizer, and water.

Reprinted from the Bromeliad Society of Broward County (FL)
Commentary, June 1984.


any years ago I purchased a plant with the label Aechmea fasciata (BROMELIAD) from, of all places, a city department store. Later I was introduced to members of the Bromeliad Society of South Australia, and from that meeting both my interest and collection grew. I now have hundreds of plants of which about one-half are Tillandsia species.

Toward the end of each summer, however, I still look forward to having one or two descendents of my initial Ae. fasciata come into bloom, especially since I have noticed that, generation by generation, there has been a consistent improvement to the point that it has now developed into a plant unequalled in any live specimen or photograph of the species that I have seen. I take no credit and I am just as mystified as others. With no special care or treatment, the plants merely flower at will and then produce offsets with each generation surpassing the preceding. The leaves have become broader and much more heavily banded, and the spines have become more conspicuous. The most inexplicable, spectacular improvement has been in the intricacy and size of the inflorescence compared with the size of the plant itself.

In July 1985, right in the middle of a cold winter, a spike appeared in one plant which was standing amongst all sorts of species in a plastic-enclosed shadehouse. I assumed that the inflorescence would abort or else be dwarfed. Instead, it produced the best inflorescence yet: 9.5 inches in diameter, 6 inches high, and very dense. Can someone explain these unusual forms of behaviour?

Len Colgan
Warradale, South Australia

Internationally Accredited Bromeliad Society Judges
and Student Judges in Good Standing
October 31, 1985



Almquist, Eric
321 19th Place
Manhattan Beach, CA 90266

Anderson, Dick
1921 Artesia Boulevard
Redondo Beach, CA 90278

Farris, Barbara J.
2031 Domingo Rd.
Fullerton, CA 92635

Isley, Paul T. III
1400 Third St.
Manhattan Beach, CA 90266

Lane, Roger
551 Hawthorne Court
Los Altos, CA 94022

Long, George
25582 Orchard Rim Lane
El Toro, CA 92630

Lorenz, Elmer
5110 Monte Bonito Dr.
Los Angeles, CA 90041

O'Reilly, Thelma
10942 Sunray Pl.
La Mesa, CA 92041

Oliverez, Jim
630 South Porty
Anaheim, CA 92802

Oliverez, Marie
630 South Porty
Anaheim, CA 92802

Paylen, William R.
1008 Gretna Green Way
Los Angeles, CA 90049

Percival, Jack
2711 Willow Street
San Diego, CA 92106

Rafalovich, Danita
3956 Minerva Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90066

Reid, Greg
27281 Las Ramblas, Suite 200
Mission Viejo, CA 92691

Vandervort, Dutch
25 Encinal Place
Ventura, CA 93001

Wisley, Jennie
8454 El Paso
La Mesa, CA 92041


Brehm, Joyce
630 W. Bonita
Apt. 11J
Claremont, CA 91711

Hayen, Frank
203 W. Walnut Street
El Segundo, CA 90245

Kopfstein, Robert
24625 Los Serranos
Laguna Niquel, CA 92677

Mitchell, Lillian
12304 Lambert Avenue
El Monte, CA 91769

Paul, Wellington
12300 Darlington Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90049

Bundy, Dee Dee
39 Walker Road
Manchester, MA 01944

Lawn, Geoffrey
3 Hazel St.
Como 6152
WA Australia

Soppe, Robert
3236 S.E. Clinton
Portland, OR 97202



Allen, Craig M.
13191 S.W. 82nd Avenue
Miami, FL 33156

Beach, Eloise
P.O. Box 1054
Apopka, FL 32704

Chirnside, Vicky Lee
P.O. Box 631
Venice, FL 33595

Fairchild, B. Dean
13191 S.W. 82nd Avenue
Miami, FL 33156

Fenton, Esther
111 Balboa Avenue
Stuart, FL 33494

Frazel, Maureen S.
12500 Lake Road
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33325

Frazel, William E.
12500 Lake Road
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33325

Howells, Edith
2248 Burns Street
Lakeland, FL 33801

Hyde, Sheryl
335 High Meadow Drive
Marietta, GA 30067


Hyde, Tony
335 High Meadow Drive
Marietta, GA 30067

Johnson, Carol M.
3961 Markham Woods Road
Longwood, FL 32779

Johnson, Connie
13075 S.W. 60th Avenue
Miami, FL 33156

Johnson, Geoffrey
3961 Markham Woods Road
Longwood, FL 32779

Lawrence, Edith
7510 S.W. 64 Court
Miami, FL 33143

Lineham, Thomas U.
1508 Lake Shore Drive
Orlando, FL 32803

Loerke, Virginia A.
6229 S.W. 26th Street
Miramar, FL 33023

McMillan, Stan D.
624 North D. Street
Lake Worth, FL 33460

McNulty, Dorothy
2826 Conway Gardens Road
Orlando, FL 32806

McNulty, Edward
2826 Conway Gardens Road
Orlando, FL 32806

Pascal, Polly
4413 S.W. 38th Terrace
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33312

Pearce, James
P.O. Box 1054
Apopka, FL 32704

Pearl, Marjorie A.
501 Middle River Road
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33304

Pettigrew, Norman
2115 Oakhill Drive
Valrico, FL 33594

Peyton, Ellen Jay
11445 7th Street East
Treasure Island, FL 33706

Price, Andrew
1950 Arrowhead Drive, N.E.
St. Petersburg, FL 33703

Quilhot, Hazel H.
6519 34th Street, West
Bradenton, FL 33507

Sanjurjo, Frances
601 San Antonio Avenue
Coral Gables, FL 33146

Schmidt, Rose
29 Lake Avenue
Winter Haven, FL 33880

Schnabel, Jean
5106 127th Avenue
Tampa, FL 33617

Schnabel, Roland
5106 127th Avenue
Tampa, FL 33617

Schoenau, Carolyn
P.O. Box 12981
Gainesville, FL 32604

Schoenau, Ronald
P.O. Box 12981
Gainesville, FL 32604

Smith, Robert
431 South Washington Drive
Sarasota, FL 33577

Soerries, William
2883 Florence Drive
Columbus, GA 31907

Steinmetz, Nancy L.
12100 S.W. 77th Avenue
Miami, FL 33156

Thompson, James III
517 East Harding Street
Orlando, FL 32806

Wolfe, Thomas
5211 Lake LeClaire Road
Lutz, FL 33549

Wood, J. Brian
37 Croton Drive
Orlando, FL 32807


Mullins, Dr. Stephen
672 Durion Court
Sanibel Island, FL 33957



Ailstock, Eddy
4513 Birdwell Lane
Bossier City, LA 71111

Baham, Robbi A.
6870 Farwood Road
New Orleans, LA 70126


Beadle, Don A.
P.O. Box 557
Corpus Christi, TX 78403

Beeler, Rita S.
7305 Keller Street
Houston, TX 77012

Beltz, Harvey
3927 Michigan Circle
Shreveport, LA 71109

Bruno, Katherine
600 West Prosper Street
Chalmette, LA 70043

Carroll, Lorraine
5310 Live Oak
Dallas, TX 75206

Craig, Gwen
1217 Wynd
Pasadena, TX 77503

Dobson, Vennie
1026 Williams Avenue
Natchitoches, LA 71457

Domingues, John Lee
116 Colonial Drive
Lafayette, LA 70506

French, Bobbye
1206 Foster Drive
Weatherford, TX 76086

French, Rodney
1206 Foster Drive
Weatherford, TX 76086

Garrison, Betty
406 Witcher Lane
Houston, TX 77076

Garrison, Don
406 Witcher Lane
Houston, TX 77076

Guthrie, Wayne
5938 Theall Road
Houston, TX 77066

Harbert, Linda
2488 East 49th Street
Tulsa, OK 74105

Head, Betty
7818 Braes Meadow
Houston, TX 77071

Head, Odean
7818 Braes Meadow
Houston, TX 77071

Heer, Bob
1733 Commonwealth
Houston, TX 77006

Hough, Ellen
2107 Van Hook Court
Arlington, TX 76013

Jackson, Clyde
3705 Shadycrest
Pearland, TX 77581

Jackson, Crystal
3705 Shadycrest
Pearland, TX 77581

Lincoln, Mary Jane
1201 Waltham Street
Metarie, Louisiana 70001

Loose, Warren R.
2355 Rusk
Beaumont, TX 77702

Marshall, V.G.
2122 Reever
Arlington, TX 76010

Mayfield, Jim F.
1616 Vassar
Houston, TX 77006

Meilleur, Rosa
4626 Lamont
Corpus Christi, TX 78411

Montgomery, Dr. Tom
1704 Avenue K
Galena Park, TX 77586

Montgomery, Pat
206 Eastway
Galena Park, TX 77547

McGreevy, Tolene D.
4245 Asbury
Port Arthur, TX 77642

Novak, Tony
5927 Highland Hills Drive
Austin, TX 78731

Nunn, Jo Ann
400 Ehlinger Drive
Bryan, TX 77801

Peach, Carol
3416 Kenwood Drive
Waco, TX 76706

Peach, Fil
3416 Kenwood Drive
Waco, TX 76706

Powers, Gene
1711 Springwell
Houston, Texas 77043


Rose, Charlien
4933 Weeping Willow
Houston, TX 77092

Schaum, Gary
3700 S. Highway 66 #10
Claremore, OK 74017

Sheffield, Molly
1620 Walnut Lane
Humble, TX 77339

Slick, Robert C.
4506 Kinglet
Houston, TX 77035

Smith, Edgar
4415 Vandelia Street
Dallas, TX 75219

Sneed, Irene
4833 Sheryl Street
Bossier City, LA 71111

Spearry, Andy
411 Red Ripple
Houston, TX 77091

Steckler, Valerie
40 Oak Valley Court
Austin, TX 78736

Thompson, Sally
1114 Alexandria Drive
Corpus Christi, TX 78412

Trahan, Lou E.
P.O. Box 145
Maurice, LA 70555

Transue, Skipper
9635 Secretariat Drive
Houston, TX 77065

Waggoner, Georgia
Route 1 Box 239
Morris, OK 74445

Whitman, Bob D.
2355 Rusk
Beaumont, TX 77702

Will, Ted
502 Main Street
Missouri City, TX 77459

Williams, Clayton
9638 Beverly Hills Lane
Houston, TX 77063

Williams, Ruth
9638 Beverly Hills Lane
Houston, TX 77063


Vallance, Mona
4105 University
Houston, TX 77005



Calamari, Dr. Timothy A. Jr.
1016 Rosa Avenue
Metarie, Louisiana 70005

Carlisi, Zulme
7981 Edgelake Court
New Orleans, LA 70126

DeBoisblanc, Helen
6929 Colbert Street
New Orleans, LA 70124

DiGiovanni, Allen R.
504 Edenborn Avenue
Metarie, LA 70001

Garman, Jeanne
850 Conrad Street
New Orleans, LA 70124

Hudson, Henrietta
1013 Ursulines Street
New Orleans, LA 70116

Jones, Sara Lee
4969 Metropolitan Drive
New Orleans, LA 70126

Miller, Dr. Robert L.
4700 St. Roch Avenue
New Orleans, LA 70122

Picard, Marie
1209 Melody Drive
Metarie, LA 70002

Ross, Fred B.
722 Seventh Street
New Orleans, LA 70115

Webb, Chloe
Arabian Petrochemical Co.
P.O. Box 10002, AL

Webb, H.K.
Arabian Petrochemical Co.
P.O. Box 10002 AL

The Bromeliad Society, Inc.

The purpose of this nonprofit corporation is to promote and maintain public and scientific interest in the research, development, preservation, and distribution of Bromeliaceae, both natural and hybrid, throughout the world. You are invited to join.

President – Edgar L. Smith, 4415 Vandelia St., Dallas, TX 75219.
Vice President – Harold W. Wiedman, Dept. of Biological Sciences, Calif., State University-Sacramento, Sacramento, CA 95819.
Corresponding Secretary – Danita Rafalovich, 3956 Minerva Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90066.
Editor – Thomas U. Lineham, Jr., 1508 Lake Shore Drive, Orlando, FL 32803.
Membership Secretary – Linda Harbert, 2488 E. 49th, Tulsa, OK 74105.
Recording Secretary – Connie Johnson, 13075 SW 60th Ave., Miami, FL 33156.
Treasurer – David Gardner, 33 Camden Pl. , Corpus Christi, TX 78412.

1984-1986: George Anderson, At-large, Chet Blackburn, California, Jack Grubb, Louisiana, Paul T. Isley III, California, Carol M. Johnson, Florida, Tom J. Montgomery, Jr., Texas, Hedi Guelz Roesler, Outer, H. W. Wiedman, At-large.
1985-1987: Bobbie H. Beard, Southern, Nat De Leon, At-large, Linda Harbert, Central, Stan Oleson, California, Peter Paroz, Australia, Herbert Plever, Northeastern, Gerald A. Raack, At-large, Robert E. Soppe, Western, Ervin J. Wurthmann, Florida.
1986-1988: B. Dean Fairchild, At-large, William E. Frazel, At-large, Wayne B. Guthrie, Texas, Ronald Schoenau, Florida.

Luis Ariza Julia, Dominican Republic; Olwen Ferris, Australia; Marcel Lecoufle, France; Harold Martin, New Zealand; Werner Rauh, Germany; Raulino Reitz, Brazil; Walter Richter, Germany; Lyman B. Smith, U.S.; Robert G. Wilson, Costa Rica; Robert W. Read, U.S.; Roberto Burle Marx, Brazil; Victoria Padilla, U.S.; Wilhelm Weber, Germany Racine Foster, U.S.; Elmer J. Lorenz, U.S..

Affiliate shows: Charlien Rose, 4933 Weeping Willow, Houston, TX 77092.
Affiliated societies: Stan Oleson, 1030 Alma, San Pedro, CA 90731.
Awarded cultivars: Tom J. Montgomery, Jr., 206 Eastway, Galena Park, TX 77547.
Bylaws: Valerie L. Steckler, 40 Oak Valley Court, Austin, TX 78736.
Conservation: Mark A. Dimmitt, The Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Rt. 9, Box 900, Tucson, AZ 85743.
Finance & Audit: Gregory A. Reid, 27281 Las Ramblas, Suite 200, Mission Viejo, CA 92691.
Hybrid registration: Nat De Leon, P.O. Box 560524, Miami, FL 33256-0524.
Judges certification: William E. Frazel 12500 Lake Rd., Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33325.
Membership and subscriptions to the Journal: Linda Harbert, 2488 E. 49th, Tulsa, OK 74105. See title page, for membership dues. BSI Membership Promotion: Bob D. Whitman, 2355 Rusk, Beaumont, TX 77702.
Mulford B. Foster Identification Center: Send specimens and contributions to Harry E. Luther, at the Center, Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, 811 South Palm Ave., Sarasota, FL 33577.
Nominations: Allen G. Edgar, Jr., 5460 Saratoga Dr., Jackson, MS 39211
Publications: Annie Navetta, 3236 S.E. Clinton, Portland, OR 97202.
Seed fund: Harvey Beltz, 3927 Michigan Circle, Shreveport, LA 71109.
Slide library: Mary E. Musleh, Rt. 2, Box 2452, Melrose, FL 32666.
World Conference: Gerald A. Raack, 472 Greenhollow Dr., Pataskala, OH 43062.

Grace Goode

Grace Goode's Bromania, with neoregelias flaunting their blushing hearts and threatened with extinction if they fail to approach the high standard required. Text begins on page 3.

Calendar of Shows

April 5-6Bromeliad Society of Broward County 2nd Annual Show and Sale. Flamingo Gardens, Davie, FL. Entries only 9-5, Friday 4 April. Bill Frazel and Donn Pearce (305) 474-1349.
April 5-6Bromeliad Society of San Francisco Spring Show and Sale. The Hall of Flowers, 9th Ave. and Lincoln, San Francisco, CA. 9:00 A.M.-5:00 P.M. Phil Cappetta (415) 549-9476.
April 5-6Greater Dallas-Fort Worth Bromeliad Society 15th Annual Show and Sale. Dallas Civic Garden Center, Fair Park, Dallas, TX. Ellen Hough (817) 457-2590.
April 18-20Florida State Bromeliad Show. Sponsored by the Bromeliad Guild of Tampa Bay. University Square Mall, 2200 Fowler Ave., Tampa. Judged show, commercial and member plant sales. Roland and Jean Schnabel (813) 988-7046.

Notices of shows planned for May-June must be received by the editor before 15 March.

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